How is Paper and Cardboard Recycled?

How is Paper and Cardboard Recycled?

Paper and cardboard are the most recycled products in the world, they are one of the most in-demand among various businesses. Such scrap can be utilized to make new paper products, which benefits the economy greatly. Almost all types of papers are recyclable. Brown and craft envelopes, carbon paper, paper towels, tissues, candy wrappers, coffee cups, and pizza boxes are types of paper materials that are normally not allowed in collection bins. Cardboard, newspapers and magazines, manuals and booklets, and different office papers are among the most commonly recycled paper materials.

Paper and cardboard recycling is an environment-friendly method that converts waste paper into a new paper that can be used freshly. By lowering the demand for raw materials, recycled cardboard and paper help conserve the environment. Recycling boxes and papers into fresh paper stock require several processes. All of these measures begin with consumers understanding how to recycle properly.

Curbside or Drop-Off Recycling

The first step begins with you like you dump your unwanted boxes and papers in a curbside bin or taking them to a recycling drop-off location. Zero-sort techniques are used in some places and some places require you to separate metal, glass, and plastic from paper and cardboard.

Check your local district's rules before putting something in the recycle bin. Some facilities accept grease-stained pizza boxes, while many others do not. Paper milk or juice cartons may be accepted at your local recycling center, but anything with a wax or plastic liner or coating will not be accepted. Shredded paper may be recyclable, but it should be placed in a clear trash or kitchen bag for easy identification.

Also, if you're placing cardboard into a recycling bin make sure it is not wet. Wet paper or cardboard should not be placed in the recycling bin. Wet cardboard and paper might clog up the machinery, contaminating the entire batch of cardboard.

Before taking the cardboard to the recycling center take out the tape from the boxes if possible. By saving the staff a step, the recycling process can be made more efficient.

Sorting of paper and cardboard

The cardboard and papers are sorted at the recycling center. If your hauler requires you to combine metal, plastic, glass, and paper recycling into one bin, the first step in paper recycling is to remove the glass, metal, and plastic materials. The paper is then sorted into different paper categories, such as cardboard, papers, newspaper, magazine paper, office paper, and so on since different types of paper are treated differently in the following stages of the process to produce different forms of recycled paper products.


Plant-based fibers are used to make paper which makes it possible for them to be turned into pulp in a process called pulping. Soaking boxes in water is the easiest approach to turn them into paper pulp but sometimes chemicals will be used by recycling centers to speed up the pulping process. The pulp is then combined with fresh pulp made from materials used in the production of a new paper, such as wood chips. It is possible to make paper solely from recycled pulp. However, the issue with this is that the final paper will be of poor quality. It will appear dull and will show signs of wear and tear quickly. Fresh materials, such as wood chips, are added to the mix to avoid this problem.

Cleaning, Screening, and De-Inking

Plastic panes, glue, staples, and packaging tape are not always removed from the boxes and mail they receive. The paper pulp passes through filters to take out the unwanted materials. They are properly disposed of, whether in a metal recycling bin or a landfill.

The pulp is still a mixture of water and pulp at this time. If the paper have a specific colour, the final step is to add dyes.

Paper Making Machine

This is the last step in the process of reusing pulp. Spraying the pulp onto the wire screens creates a watery paper sheet at this stage. These wet sheets are dried on a flat conveyor belt with a cylindrical surface. Several press rollers in an automated machine press this fresh paper sheet and remove the extra amount of water. The sheet is entirely dried by using heated metal rollers rolled into a large roll.

Finally, the renewed paper sheet is trimmed and cut into various sizes before being distributed to various industries for various operations.

Where to recycle paper and cardboard?

Recycling is a critical environmental concern, especially when it comes to waste paper recycling. Scrapbuk Services Pvt. Limited, an online scrapbuisness for the sale and purchase of scrap, offers good prices for recycling and ensures that their customers' cardboard and paper are recycled responsibly.

Authored by :

Ankita Devi